17 April, 2011


In addition to the type of exercise, another important factor in fat burning is an appropriate exercise intensity. You can measure it by measuring heart rate during exercise, Dr. Research. George Brooks of the University of California, Berkeley, showed that the use of fat as an energy source will be maximal if dilakukar exercise intensity below the 65% maximum heart second. On top of these figures, the body will use more carbohydrate than fat as fuel.

While the British study to prove that the most fat burning If you train with intensity of 63% maximum heart rate. Similarly, studies at Laval University, Canada, showed that those who train with high intensity fat loss more than low-intensity exercise.

The importance of an appropriate intensity to burn fat is also revealed in research for eight months at Duke University. The team led by Dr. Cris Slentz concludes:
• People who practice intensively, running 20 miles a week with an intensity of 65% -80% of maximum heart rate, decrease with the addition of fat and muscle rnassa more than people who walk 12 miles per week at 65% -80% maximum heart rate . Both groups are equally not a diet.
• Sports intensive form muscle tissue. The bigger the muscle, the more calories and fat to be used when the body is in normal circumstances. Intensive exercise also burn more fat after exercise compared to low-intensity exercise. The body will use energy from carbohydrates during exercise and during a break from fat, as well as for tissue repair. Amount more than if you do low intensity exercise.

One way to determine the intensity of the exercise is to test speech. This test is very subjective, but effective enough to ensure you are still a long zone of safe and comfortable workout. As long as you can still talk on the sidelines of the exercise without difficulty means you are classified as medium-intensity exercise.

As for measuring the heart rate can be performed using such a measuring device at hand. But you can also do it manually, by putting your middle finger and index finger just below the ear, then slide to the fingers directly beneath the jaw. Press gently. Starting the count from zero in the first pulse and count the next pulse for ten seconds, then multiply by six. That's what your heart rate. While the maximum heart rate is 220 your age.



Perhaps you from small heating was used to perform activities or warming up before exercising. At the time of first school we are taught to warm up first before getting into sports practice lessons in the field. At least we were told to jog around the field or around the streets outside the school. When the gym early in the morning along with any movement would warm up exercises for those who come not too late.

There may be wondering why the heating should be done? what functions and benefits of warming up prior to heavy physical activity like sports? And various other questions which may not be answered until today. What is certain is very important to do warm up before exercise. Than sorry later because it does not heat up yourself, then do warm up even if only briefly.

A. Function / Benefit Warming Before Sports

Sports involving the movement of muscles, joints and bones in a large enough intensity. By doing so warm blood sport that is rich in nutrients and oxygen will flow to the muscles so it's ready to be driven harder work. While the usefulness or benefits of exercise itself is to strengthen muscles, bones, heart, lungs and the circulation of blood.

B. Type / Shape Heating The Quick and Easy

Heating or warming up can be done without the help of any tools and without cost, ie with light jogging, light aerobics, jog in place, and others. Enough to our body sweaty, hot and feeling quite heating approximately 5 to 15 minutes can be followed by muscle stretching or streching for a few minutes for your muscles more flexible to use later.

C. Effects, Impact, and Effect Not Doing Warming Sport

Without an adequate warm up before doing exercise a dominant activity moves the muscles, joints and bones can result in injury to muscles and joints injuries. Of course, the injury will greatly interfere with activities and may be very painful and need further medical treatment. Muscle injury can be a sprain, whiplash, sprains, muscle cramps, muscle pain, and so forth.

D. Stretching / Streching the Good and True

After warming up that makes a little sweat, then followed by muscle stretching or strenching. Both heating and stretching should be done in a lightweight, low-capacity not too excessive. If done excess can lead to joint injury. Do not let the sport has not been feeling tired or exhausted heavy. If it is done properly then the body will be ready to do sports activities. Then work out with joyous feelings without coercion and forget all the problems that exist.


14 April, 2011


There are 4 aspects that differentiate between the Sport and Physical Education, among others:

  1. The purpose of Physical Education tailored to the educational goals related to personal development of all students, while the Sports goal is to refer to the performance achievement of motor behavior as high in order to win the match.
  2. Learning Content in physical education tailored to students' ability level, while the sports content of learning or training content is the target to be met.
  3. Learning Orientation physical education centered on students. This means that students are not able to reach the destination in time given the chance again, while in sport athlete who can not achieve the goal line with the target time is not considered talented and should be replaced with other athletes.
  4. The nature of physical education activities in scouting talent that is used to determine the entry behavior, while in the exercise aimed to select a talented athlete.



1. Sepaktakraw Field

Badminton court-sized with
Length: 13.40 m
Width: 6.10 m

2. Players

Each team consists of 3 people, 1 person as a "Tekong" and 2 others called "Apit Apit Right and Left".
. Players Clothing
* Son: Shirt-sleeved uniform shirts and rubber shoes.
* Princess: round-neck T-shirt, knee pants.

Not allowed to wear clothing which endanger the opponent.
Well-dressed, shirt and the obligatory T-shirt tucked / insert.
Captain must wear band on the left hand.
Clothing should be numbered backs, no only 1 -15.

Substitution of Players
Substitution at all times when the ball dead.
Each team is allowed only once in a set.
Players who get "red card" could be replaced with a provision there has been no previous substitution.
If a team of players less than 3 (three), it should not continue the game and the team is otherwise lost.

3. The match officials.

* 1 (one) official referee.
* 2 (two) referees (main referee and umpire II)
* 6 (six) lineman / linesman's (4 side underlined the field and 2 rear)

. Sweepstakes & Heating Players

Before the game starts, the referee will conduct the draw, who won the lottery right to choose "football first."
Heating for 2 (two) minutes and only (five) persons are allowed on the field during heating. Consists of 3 (three players) and coaches.

Position players at the time of service.
In doing sepakmula, one of the legs Tekong is in a loop to do sepakmula.
Both wedge players who perform service, must be within a quarter circle.
Opponent freely move within the field itself.

4. Error (Cancel)

An error on the part of the service.
o Apit as pelambung still play ball.
o Apit lift the foot, stepping on the line, touch or pass under the net when the ball stomach.
o Tekong dilambungkan not punt that to him.
o The ball touches one of his players (friends own) before the ball over the net.
o The ball fell out of the field.
o The ball was not over the net.
o Tekong when kick while jumping.
* Error by the recipient
o Trying to divert attention or loud opponent against the opponent.
* Errors on both sides
o There are players who took the ball on the opponent field
o There are players or equipment passing through the opponent's field
o playing the ball more than 3 (three) times
o The ball on hand
o Holding / pinch the ball between the arms and body, two legs or body.
o The ball on the attic / roof or wall (other objects)
o There are players who deliberately slow down the game unnecessarily.

5. Event rate calculation

Figures / points are awarded to the team that shut down the ball or opponent membyat error.


11 April, 2011


The kids really like water sports as fun activities and find many interesting things. If your child is afraid of water, do not worry, doubt as it is a very normal reaction, even if accompanied by an experienced trainer to lease that will help your child progress from fear to be confident and safe in the water.

Here are tips on how to start the process and techniques of swimming for beginners. These steps in a logical sequence and is designed to strengthen confidence in the water. Here are 4 easy tips to swim for children and beginners:

The first is to familiarize your child with the feeling of getting their faces wet. In swimming lessons taught how to blow bubbles. Do it in the shallow pond so that children do not become anxious and disturbed by the depth of water.

Second is to create a child to learn how to put their head completely under water. This is a step that introduces water as something very different from what they use and must be handled with care hati.kita they hold to this point, so that children have the anchor to grip. Some swimming instructors using the technique of "doll" in which children held their breath as they continue to carry water to the doll behind.

Third is to teach children how to lie down on the water to actually swim. This technique is to teach them how to float and then turned and began moving their own arms and legs simultaneously. Support the child by placing your hands stomach them and help them move forward as they begin to learn the strokes.

Fourth is to teach jump into the water from the side and then swim back to the wall. This is the basic water safety measures that all children should know they've fallen into a swimming pool accident.

Once you reach the 4 ways to swim for children and beginners develop a level of confidence that they are no longer afraid of water and will have fun. Once your child has the basics of water safety on the other swimming techniques can be more easily taught.


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